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Circuit Breaker

  • Tags: /
  • Latest: 0.2
  • Last Updated: 11 June 2009
  • Grails version: 1.1 > *
  • Authors: null
1 vote
compile "org.grails.plugins:circuit-breaker:0.2"




grails install-plugin circuit-breaker



This plugin implements the Circuit Breaker pattern described in Michael Nygard's book Release It!


From Release It! -

"The circuit breaker exists to allow one subsystem (an electrical circuit) to fail (excessive current draw, possibly from a short-circuit) without destroying the entire system (the house). Furthermore, once the danger has passed, the circuit breaker can be reset to restore full function to the system.

"You can apply the same technique to software by wrapping dangerous operations with a component that can circumvent calls when the system is not healthy. This differs from retries, in that circuit breakers exist to prevent operations rather than reexecute them."


In resources.groovy you can configure the Circuit Breaker as follows

beans = {
	xmlns aop:""

breakerAspectOne(breaker.CircuitBreakerAspect) { id = 'breaker-one' failureThresholdCount = 3 // trip breaker after three failures timeoutMillis = 5000 // fail fast for 5 seconds, then try again }

aop.config("proxy-target-class":true) { aspect(id:"serviceTestCallOneBreaker", ref:"breakerAspectOne" ) { around method:"invoke", pointcut: "execution(* *.MyServiceInterface.testCallOne(..))" } } }

Environment-specific configuration

Configuration can also be conditional based on the current Grails environment:

	case "production":
		//  … configure circuit breaker with prod threshold
	case "development": 
		//  … configure circuit breaker with dev threshold

Debug Logging

Debug logging can be enabled in Config.groovy -

log4j = {
    debug  'breaker'  //  debug messages for all circuit breaker classes

Access current Circuit Breaker state via JMX

The current state of all Circuit Breakers can be accessed via JMX by using version 0.6 or above of the JMX Plugin and by adding the following to Config.groovy -

grails {
	jmx {
		exportBeans = ['myBean']

Access current Circuit Breaker state without JMX

The current state of all Circuit Breakers can also be accessed without JMX by installing the CircuitBreakerController. After installing the plugin, this can be done by:

grails install-circuit-breaker-controller

This will install a simple Grails controller and view that provide easy read-only access to the circuit breakers that have been configured in the application.



  • Allow configuration of timeout & failureThreshold differently by exception type
    • From Release It! - 'For example, you may choose to have a lower threshold for 'timeout calling remote system' failures than 'connection refused' errors.'