Last updated by burtbeckwith 1 year ago

Grails 1.2-M4 Release Notes

6th of November 2009

SpringSource are pleased to announce the 1.2 Milestone 4 release of the Grails web application development framework.

Grails is a dynamic web application framework built on Java and Groovy, leveraging best of breed APIs from the Java EE sphere including Spring, Hibernate and SiteMesh. Grails brings to Java and Groovy developers the joys of convention-based rapid development while allowing them to leverage their existing knowledge and capitalize on the proven and performant APIs Java developers have been using for years.

Further information about the release can be obtained using the links below:

New features in 1.2 Milestone 4 are described below. The objectives for next release, Grails 1.2 RC1, are incremental improvements and bug fixes.

New Features

Dependency Resolution DSL

Grails 1.2 features a new DSL for configuring JAR dependencies that can be resolved against Maven repositories:

grails.project.dependency.resolution = {
    inherits "global" // inherit Grails' default dependencies
    repositories {
    dependencies {
       runtime 'com.mysql:mysql-connector-java:5.1.5'

Built on Apache Ivy, users can now explicitly control how Grails resolves all of its dependencies without needing to use Maven or Apache Ivy directly.

Significant Performance Optimizations

GSP and the Sitemesh rendering layer have been significantly improved to offer 2 to 3 times better throughput. This was achieved by:

  • Output buffering has been refactored to a streaming approach: the minimum amount of new objects are created.
  • Tag library calls return an instance of org.codehaus.groovy.grails.web.util.StreamCharBuffer class by default.
  • Tag libraries can now return object values too. This was changed to reduce object generation.
  • Sitemesh doesn't have to parse the output coming from GSP since the head, meta, title and body tags are captured from the beginning. This is done in GSP compilation when the config param "grails.views.gsp.sitemesh.preprocess" is unset or is true.
  • Some performance improvements are the result of monitoring for unnecessary Exceptions created in Grails and preventing them from happening.
Thanks to Lari Hotari for his significant contributions to Grails in this area.

BootStrap environments

The BootStrap.groovy class now has environment support:

def init = { ServletContext ctx ->
   environments {
      production {
         ctx.setAttribute("env", "prod")
      development {
         ctx.setAttribute("env", "dev")
   ctx.setAttribute("foo", "bar")

Spring 3 Upgrade

Grails now also supports Spring annotation prototypes through component scanning such as @Service, @Component etc.

Any class can be annotated with @Component and will automatically become a Spring bean injectable in other classes.

In addition you can annotate classes with @Controller and these will be able to handle requests just like regular Spring MVC controllers, thus providing support for those wanting to use a combination of Spring MVC and Grails:

class SpringController {

@Autowired SessionFactory sessionFactory

@RequestMapping("/hello.dispatch") ModelMap handleRequest() { def session = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession() return new ModelMap(session.get(Person, 1L)) } }

In this example, going to /hello.dispatch will execute the handleRequest() method and atempt to render either a GSP or JSP view at grails-app/views/hello.(jsp|gsp)

URI Re-writing onto any URI

You can now re-write any request URI onto any other URI using the following syntax in your grails-app/conf/UrlMappings.groovy file:


This feature can be used to provide pretty URIs for Spring MVC controllers (see above) or static resources.

Per-method transactions with @Transactional

Building on the component scanning features you can now use the Spring org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional annotation on Grails service classes to configure transaction properties and have per-method transaction definitions:

import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.*

class BookService {

@Transactional(readOnly = true) def listBooks() { Book.list() }

@Transactional def updateBook() { // … } }

Fine-grained control over DataSource properties

The DataSource.groovy file now provides control over all of the underlying DataSource bean's properties:

dataSource {
   pooled = true
   dbCreate = "update"
   url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/yourDB"
   driverClassName = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"
   username = "yourUser"
   password = "yourPassword"
   properties {
      maxActive = 50
      maxIdle = 25
      minIdle = 5
      initialSize = 5
      minEvictableIdleTimeMillis = 60000
      timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis = 60000
      maxWait = 10000		

Global Configuration of GORM defaults

GORMs default mapping settings are now globally configurable inside @grails-app/conf/Config.groovy@:

grails.gorm.default.mapping = {
   cache true
   id generator:'sequence'
  'user-type'( type:org.hibernate.type.YesNoType, class:Boolean )

The default values for constraints is also globally configurable:

grails.gorm.default.constraints = {
   '*'(nullable:true, blank:false, size:1..20)

You can even define named constraint groups:

grails.gorm.default.constraints = {
   myConstraints(nullable:true, blank:false, size:1..20)

And then reuse them inside your domain classes:

static constraints = {
   myProperty shared:"myConstraints"

Improved Dynamic Finders for Boolean properties

GORM dynamic finders have been improved with an easier notation for handling boolean properties. For example given a domain class of:

class Book {
   String title
   String author
   Boolean paperback

You can do:

def results = Book.findAllPaperbackByAuthor("Douglas Adams")


def results = Book.findAllNotPaperbackByAuthor("Douglas Adams")

In this case the boolean value is implicitly inferred from the method signature.

Named Query Support

GORM now supports defining named queries in a domain class. For example, given a domain class like this:

class Publication {
   String title
   Date datePublished

static namedQueries = { recentPublications { def now = new Date() gt 'datePublished', now - 365 }

publicationsWithBookInTitle { like 'title', '%Book%' } } }

You can do:

// get all recent publications…
def recentPubs = Publication.recentPublications()

// get all recent publications (alternate syntax)… def recentPubs = Publication.recentPublications.list()

// get up to 10 recent publications, skip the first 5… def recentPubs = Publication.recentPublications(max: 10, offset: 5) def recentPubs = Publication.recentPublications.list(max: 10, offset: 5)

// get the number of recent publications… def numberOfRecentPubs = Publication.recentPublications.count()

// get a recent publication with a specific id… def pub = Publication.recentPublications.get(42)

Support for hasOne mapping

GORM now supports hasOne mapping where the foreign key is stored in the child instead of the parent association. For example:

class Person { 
   String name 
   static hasOne = [address: Address]
class Address {
   String street
   String postCode

In the above case a foreign key column called person_id will be created in the address table rather than the default where an address_id is created in the person table.

Strict Validation Errors

There is a new failOnError argument available on the save() method that will throw an exception if a validation error occurs:

try {
catch(ValidationException e) {
   // handle

Precompilation of Groovy Server Pages in WAR deployment

GSPs are now pre-compiled when producing a WAR file meaning less permgen space is used at deployment time for Grails applications.

Improved handling of i18n class and property names

You can now put entries in your i18n file for all class and property names in your application. For example:

book.label = Libro
book.title.label = Título del libro

These are then picked up by Grails' default error messages and scaffolded views.

Tomcat & Multiple Embedded Containers Supported

Grails now supports multiple embedded containers with Tomcat being the default. Grails will by default install the Tomcat plugin into your application. You can easily switch containers by switching plugins:

grails uninstall-plugin tomcat
grails install-plugin jetty

The Tomcat plugin comes with built in remote deployment commands:

grails tomcat deploy
grails tomcat undeploy

Web Flow as a plugin

Grails' support for Spring Web Flow has been extracted into a plugin. To install simply type:

grails install-plugin webflow

If you are migrating from older versions of Grails and use Web Flow you will need to run the above command. If you don't wish to use Web Flow in your application you can uninstall it:

grails uninstall-plugin webflow

New Web Flow Events

Grails' Web Flow DSL now supports more of the common Web Flow events such as onEntry@, @onRender and so on:

def searchFlow = {
   onStart {
      println "started"
   onEnd {
      println "ended"

displaySearchForm { onRender { println "rendering" } onEntry { println "entered" } onExit { println "exited" }

on("submit") { [results: Book.findAllByTitle(params.title)] }.to "displayResults" } displayResults() }

Named URL Mappings

Grails now supports named URL mappings and associated dynamic tags for view layer URL rewriting. For example:

name productDetail: "/showProduct/$productName/$flavor?" {
   controller = "product"
   action = "show"

The above creates a named URL mapping called "productDetail" this can be linked to from the view with:

<link:productDetail productName="licorice" flavor="strawberry">
Strawberry Licorice

Better JSONBuilder

JSONBuilder has been re-written, better documented and improved in general. Rendering JSON responses is now as simple as:

render(contentType:"text/json") {
   categories = [ { a = "A" }, { b = "B" } ]

Which will produce:

{"categories":[ {"a":"A"} , {"b":"B"}] }

This is breaking change from previous versions of Grails, if you want backwards compatibility set grails.json.legacy.builder=true in Config.groovy

Better Date parsing

If you submit a date from a <g:datePicker name="foo" /> tag, obtaining the Date object is now as simple as looking it up from the params object by name (eg. )

REST improvements

The <g:form> tag can now pass other methods beside POST and GET:

<g:form method="DELETE">

This works by creating a hidden field called _method. Now browser clients can also pass the X-HTTP-Method-Override HTTP header

Project Documentation Engine

The same documentation engine that powers the Grails reference documentation is now available in your projects. Simply create your documentation inside the src/docs/ref and src/docs/guide directories of your project. See the Grails documentation source for an example.

Zip-only plugin releases

If you prefer to use Git/Mercurial/etc. to version control your plugin you can now distribute only the zipped release of the plugin in the central repository and continue to manage the actual sources outside of SVN:

grails release-plugin --zipOnly

Plugin Metadata Generator

When releasing a plugin into the Grails central repository metadata is generated about the methods and properties added to Grails classes at runtime.

This metadata is put into the plugin.xml descriptor and can be read by IDEs and documentation engines.

If your plugin doesn't add methods at runtime you can skip the metadata generation process by doing:

grails release-plugin --skipMetadata

formatNumber and formatDate taglib improvements

g:formatNumber and g:formatDate taglibs are now feature compatible with JSTL formatNumber and formatDate tags.